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Radhakishan Damani: Architect of DMart and Retail Magnate

Early Life and Education

Radhakishan Damani, the visionary founder of Avenue Supermarts Limited/DMart, was born on July 12, 1955, into a Marwari family in Bikaner, Rajasthan, India. His early life saw him residing in a one-room apartment in Mumbai. Although he pursued commerce at the University of Mumbai, he left his studies after a year, setting the stage for a remarkable entrepreneurial journey.

Career and Entrepreneurial Ventures

Transitioning from a ball-bearing business to becoming a stockbroker and investor after his father’s demise, Damani’s journey began. His astute investments during the 1990s, notably during the Harshad Mehta scam, catapulted him into the spotlight. In 1995, he emerged as the largest individual shareholder of HDFC Bank. In 2000, he left the stock market to establish DMart, a hypermarket chain that has since grown into a retail giant.


Radhakishan Damani’s commitment to social causes is evident through his substantial donations, including Rs 155 crore to fight the COVID-19 pandemic. His contributions extended to multiple states, reflecting his dedication to supporting relief efforts.

Path to Success and DMart’s Unique Strategy

Damani’s success is attributed to his unique retail strategy. Focused on research and owning DMart stores, he differentiated by offering products below the maximum retail price (MRP). While competitors accelerated development, DMart’s deliberate expansion and emphasis on core products set it apart. As of now, DMart boasts 306 stores across 14 states.

Net Worth and Achievements

Radhakishan Damani’s achievements have translated into substantial wealth, with a net worth estimated at approximately $27.6 billion in 2022, making him the third richest person in India, according to Forbes.

Interesting Facts about Radhakishan Damani:

  • Damani left college during his first year to launch a ball-bearing company.
  • During his early years on Dalal Street, he learned stock short-selling strategies from Manu Manek.
  • In the 1980s, he was known as “GS” by stockbrokers.
  • His reserved nature and shyness have led him to avoid media interviews and market events.
  • His preference for white shirts and pants has earned him the nickname “Mr. White and White,” claiming it saves time.
  • Radhakishan Damani cited Chandrakant Sampat as an inspiration in an interview.

Radhakishan Damani’s journey from a modest beginning to the “Retail King of India” showcases resilience, strategic acumen, and a commitment to making a significant impact on India’s retail landscape.

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